What is IoT and Why is it Worth Investing in Such a Project?

What is IoT and Why is it Worth Investing in Such a Project?

Written by Kartikey Saraswat, In Business, Published On
March 23, 2023

IoT (Internet of Things) is a concept in which physical devices (such as sensors, control, home appliances, etc.) exchange data and communicate with each other over the Internet. As a result, devices can collect data about their environment, transmit it to the cloud, and then process and use it to make decisions or perform certain actions.

For example, IoT devices can be used to create a smart home where various devices (thermostats, lighting, security systems) can be automatically controlled and programmed. This can increase the comfort and safety of the occupants, as well as improve energy efficiency.

It is also worth to build IoT application because it can be used in various industries: healthcare, industry, transportation, etc., to control and monitor equipment, improve productivity, and optimize business processes.

How is the IoT application field developing in 2023, and what trends are emerging

At the moment, the IoT application field continues to evolve and improve. Some of the latest trends in the field include:

  1. Increase in the number of devices: The number of IoT devices in the world is expected to reach 25 billion by 2025. 
  2. Technologies and standards: New technologies and standards are emerging that enable better communication and data exchange between devices. Continue to work on the 5G standard, which can provide greater speed and reliability of communication between devices.
  3. Improving security: It is becoming more and more important to keep them safe. Engineers are working on more secure protocols and encryption methods to reduce the risks of cyberattacks and hacking.
  4. The use of artificial intelligence and machine learning is improving functionality and capabilities, such as anomaly detection or energy optimization.
  5. IoT applications continue to be used in various industries such as healthcare, industry, transportation, agriculture, etc., which can optimize business processes, improve productivity and improve the quality of life of people.

AI Application of IoT

What are the benefits of an IoT application? 

The benefits can be varied, and they depend on the specific application. In general, IoT applications can bring the following benefits:

  • Allow the automation and optimization of various business processes, such as inventory management, production monitoring, energy management, etc. This can increase efficiency, reduce costs and improve product quality.
  • Can improve the quality of life of people in various fields, such as health care, home automation, transportation, etc. They can provide convenience, security, comfort, and time savings.
  • They can collect a lot of data about production processes, the environment, consumer behavior, etc. This data can be used to analyze, predict and make more informed decisions.
  • Can help manage and monitor equipment in real time. This can improve performance, reduce maintenance and repair costs, and improve safety.
  • Can help create new business models that rely on collecting, analyzing, and using data. 

These benefits are just some of the many that can be gained. They can be especially useful in industries where monitoring and control are essential to the success of a business.

Examples of IoT applications

There are many examples of applications in different areas. Below are just a few of them:

  • Smart home controls, including lighting, climate, security, home electronics, etc.
  • Patient monitoring, health data collection, medication management, etc.
  • Production process control, equipment management, and production cycle data collection.
  • Management of urban infrastructure, including management of traffic lights, parking lots, garbage chutes, public transport, etc.
  • Vehicle condition monitoring, road condition data collection, safety system management, etc.
  • Watching plants, animals, soil, climate, etc. This can help farmers improve agricultural productivity and efficiency.
  • Monitoring and management of energy supply systems, including energy consumption, energy efficiency, energy quality monitoring, etc.
  • Supply monitoring, inventory management, transportation management, etc.

These are just some of the many possible applications, and their number and variety will only grow as this field evolves.

Must-have features of IoT applications

Must-have features can vary from application to application. However, some common must-have features include:

  • The ability to collect data from various sensors and devices and analyze that data to identify patterns and trends.
  • The ability to remotely control and track devices and systems connected to the network.
  • The means of protection against unauthorized access to data and devices, as well as against cyber-attacks.
  • Compatibility with various devices and systems used in a particular area, as well as being able to integrate with other systems.
  • Automate processes and optimize using resources.
  • Intuitive interface and provide data visualization and reporting capabilities.
  • Reliability and fault tolerance, as well as having mechanisms for data backup and recovery.

These features can be considered mastheads, but the specific requirements will depend on the specific application and user needs.

The building process of an IoT application

The development process can include several steps and depends on the specific requirements and goals of the project. However, general steps may include the following:

  • Define the problem statement: The first step in building an IoT application is to define the problem statement and identify the use case for which the application is being built.
  • Choose the hardware and software platforms: Once the problem statement is defined, the next step is to select the appropriate hardware and software platforms that are required to build the application. This involves selecting the appropriate sensors, controllers, communication modules, and other components that are needed to connect the devices to the internet.
  • Develop the software application: The software application for an IoT system typically involves developing the back-end server infrastructure, which receives and processes the data from the sensors, as well as the front-end interface, which allows users to interact with the application.
  • Integrate the hardware and software: The hardware and software components need to be integrated to ensure that the data from the sensors is transmitted to the server and that the server responds with appropriate instructions to the devices.
  • Test and deploy the application: The application needs to be tested thoroughly to ensure that it works as expected and meets the requirements of the problem statement. Once the testing is complete, the application can be deployed to production.
  • Monitor and maintain the application: After the application is deployed, it needs to be monitored to ensure that it continues to function properly. This involves monitoring the performance of the hardware components, the server infrastructure, and the front-end interface. Any issues that arise need to be addressed promptly to ensure that the application continues to function smoothly.

Overall, building an IoT application requires expertise in hardware and software development, as well as a deep understanding of the underlying technologies and protocols that are used to connect devices to the internet.

What affects the cost of an IoT application

The cost of implementing a project can depend on many factors, including:

  • Project scope and complexity: The larger and more complex the project, the higher the costs. This can include the number of devices, sensors, technology used, functionality required, and other factors.
  • The skill level of the team: A company with highly skilled employees can offer better and faster, which can lead to higher costs.
  • Technologies and platforms used: Depending on the technologies and platforms used, the cost can vary significantly.
  • Integration with other systems: If the project includes integration with other systems, this can affect the cost, as additional work will be required for coordination and testing.
  • Region: Cost may vary depending on the location of the team. 
  • Timeline: If the project needs to be completed in a short time frame, this may increase the cost, as additional work will be required to complete the work on time.
  • Support and maintenance: If the company provides support and maintenance after the project is completed, this can affect the cost.

The cost of an IoT application can vary greatly depending on the specific requirements of the project, the complexity of the application, and the quality and performance of the hardware and software components used.


The development of IoT applications has become increasingly popular due to the rise of connected devices and the potential benefits they offer. Despite the challenges and costs associated with developing IoT applications, they offer significant potential benefits such as improved efficiency, cost savings, and better decision-making. As the IoT industry continues to grow, there will be increasing demand for IoT application developers with the expertise and skills required to build robust and reliable IoT systems.

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